Thursday, July 31, 2014
AviTrader Daily Aviation News Alert
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February 20, 2015 · 541 Views
The bitter dispute between US- and Gulf-based airlines has reached a new level after Emirates flatly rejected an open apology made concerning what was seen as incredibly tactless and insensitive remarks made by Delta’s Chief Executive, Richard Anderson. The unfortunate incident relates back to comments made by a group of American airlines that a number of the larger Gulf carriers had benefited from state subsidies amounting to a figure in excess of US$40bn. As a consequence the American airlines either wanted to renegotiate or scrap the current Open Skies agreement.
Offended by such claims, the Gulf carriers retaliated by questioning whether or not US airlines had received government subsidies totaling US$5bn in the wake of 9/11. Unfortunately Delta’s Anderson, responding to this claim on CNN, said: “It’s a great irony to have the United Arab Emirates from the Arabian Peninsula talk about that, given the fact that our industry was really shocked by the terrorism of 9/11, which came from terrorists from the Arabian Peninsula.” While the UAE and Qatar, two of the States’ allies who have offered either military or logistical support for international operations were particularly upset by these comments, Delta simply made it clear that Anderson had been responding to claims regarding post 9/11 subsidies. “He didn’t mean to suggest the Gulf carriers or their governments are linked to the 9/11 terrorists. We apologize if anyone was offended.”
Unfortunately the largest of the three main Gulf carriers did not see this as acceptable. “We believe that the statements made this week by Mr. Anderson were deliberately crafted and delivered for specific effect,” it confirmed in a statement. However US airlines continue to complain that they have lost significant numbers of bookings since 2008 as a result of Gulf competition and cited documents they indicate demonstrate aid which has allowed their competitors to offer cheap fares. In retaliation, Gulf officials say that most US carriers do not fly the same routes and are losing business only because they offer an inferior service.
This is not a dissimilar situation to the one between Gulf airlines and European carriers, including Lufthansa, and coincidentally has come at the same time as US airlines are trying to have US Exlm Bank closed down. They believe Gulf carriers are benefitting to a greater degree from the export credit agency. The tit-for-tat dialog continues with Western airlines showing concern for the safety of thousands of service industry jobs, a complaint to which Gulf carriers have responded by making it very clear they support at least as many jobs in the aerospace sector with their huge orders for aircraft.
February 20, 2015 · 639 Views
Snecma (Safran), a leading manufacturer of aircraft engines, and Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL), a leading aerospace manufacturer, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on January 28th, 2015 in Bangalore to explore establishing a joint venture in India for the production of aero-engine parts. The proposed joint venture will initially focus on the manufacture of high-tech parts for the Dassault Rafale’s Snecma M88 engine, then subsequently contribute to other major aerospace projects of HAL & Snecma, in India and worldwide. Spanning over 30,000 m², the proposed joint venture’s new plant is expected to benefit from substantial investment by the two partners, providing it with state-of-the-art machinery and equipment. This agreement marks a major step forward in the long-standing collaboration between Snecma and HAL. The proposed joint venture will further broaden the scope of the excellent relations established over the past 60 years between Safran affiliates and the Indian aerospace industry. For example, Snecma manufactures the M53 engines powering the Mirage 2000H “Vajra” fighters operated by the Indian Air Force.
December 2, 2014 · 195 Views
On the 7th January 2013 a fire was reported on board a Boeing 787 Dreamliner while parked at Boston’s airport in the USA. The fire was put down to a problem with one of the plane’s lithium-ion batteries. A week later an All Nippon Airways 787 Dreamliner had to make an emergency landing after smoke was discovered inside the plane which was subsequently traced back to another lithium-ion battery. As a consequence of this incident, all 787 Dreamliners were grounded until April of that year until further acceptable testing and improvements were carried out to the battery system on board the plane. The battery itself was manufactured by GS Yuasa and comprised eight individual cells making up a combined weight of 63lbs.
Nearly two years later and the results of the investigation into the first incident have concluded that the lithium-ion battery installed in the plane should not have received certification by the FAA. The National Transport Safety Board (NTSB) were also critical of Boeing who they believed had erroneously ruled out the chances of thermal runaway in its assessment of the battery’s safety. Boeing’s battery tests to obtain original certification included crushing battery cells, driving nails through them and deliberately introducing short circuits to cause failure. Boeing found “nothing adverse happened” while these tests were carried out, and so deemed the battery’s box and internal protection to be of an acceptable standard. Boeing stated that it had followed the certification process set out by the FAA. It would seem that while the cause of the fire has been clearly identified, responsibility for its occurrence has not been accepted in full by anyone.
November 5, 2014 · 162 Views
Back in February this year, Rolls-Royce, the FTSE-100 engine maker, lost over £3bn of its value after shocking the market with its first profits warning in a decade. To announce a second one this October has created considerable concern and Rolls-Royce has decided that over the next 18 months they need to reduce costs by up to £80m a year by axing 2,600 jobs, the majority of which will be in the aerospace sector in Britain and the United States. The focus is on Rolls-Royce’s key Trent engines as they move from the development to the production phase, which consequently requires fewer engineers.
Back in February John Rishton, Rolls-Royce group’s Chief Executive, had admitted that the future was “bumpier than I had expected”, while blaming the current problems on deteriorating economic conditions and a tit-for-tat trade war between the EU and Russia over the Ukrainian crisis which had affected its nuclear and energy business as well as its power-systems unit. This week Rishton has had to admit that “We are taking determined management action and accelerating our progress on cost. The measures announced today will not be the last; however they will contribute towards Rolls-Royce becoming a stronger and more profitable company.”
Another consequence of the situation is the unexpected departure of Finance Director, Mark Morris, leaving the company after 27 year without any explanation. He will be replaced by David Smith, who is being promoted from Finance Director of the Rolls-Royce Aerospace division. This second profit warning saw share value fall 11% to 832p, wiping a further £2bn off the company’s value. However, news of the redundancies was well received by investors and the share price rallied by 2%, currently standing at 832p. This is clear confirmation of comments made by Espirito Santo’s analyst, Ed Stacey, who indicated that investors would be expecting a clear message from the new Finance Director and tight control on all finances.
March 25, 2014 · 111 Views
Air France-KLM selected the GEnx-1B engine to power its 25 Boeing 787 Dreamliners and 12 leased 787 aircraft. The total engine order is valued at more than $1.7bn. Air France-KLM and GE Aviation have also signed an agreement that will allow Air France-KLM to offer maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services for the GEnx-1B engine. Under this agreement, Air France-KLM will be licensed to perform maintenance and overhaul work on the GEnx-1B engine and GE will provide technical support and assistance on overhaul workscoping and component repair licenses, comprehensive material support and training.
March 7, 2014 · 78 Views
International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) has closed a new senior secured term loan of $1.5 billion. The loan will bear interest at LIBOR plus 275 basis points with a 0.75% LIBOR floor, is priced at 99.5% of par value, and will mature in 2021. The collateral used to support the transaction has an initial weighted average age of 9.1 years. It will be secured primarily by a first priority-perfected lien on the equity of certain of ILFC’s subsidiaries, which directly or indirectly own a pool of aircraft and related leases. ILFC plans to use the proceeds for general corporate purposes, including purchasing aircraft and supporting the company’s liquidity cushion.
February 26, 2014 · 78 Views
In 2013, Airbus achieved a new industry record of 1,619 gross commercial orders (FY 2012: 914 gross orders) with net orders of 1,503 aircraft (FY 2012: 833 net orders), excluding ATR. Gross orders comprised 1,253 A320 Family aircraft, 77 A330s, 239 A350 XWBs and 50 A380s. Fourth-quarter orders included Emirates Airline’s agreement for 50 A380s and Etihad Airways’ order for 50 A350 XWBs, 36 A320neos and one A330-200F. Airbus Military (now part of Airbus Defence and Space) received 17 net orders (FY 2012: 32 net orders). Airbus’ net order intake increased sharply to €202.3bn (FY 2012: €88.9bn). At the end of 2013, Airbus’ consolidated order book was valued at €647.4bn (year-end 2012: €525.5bn). The Airbus Commercial backlog was worth €627.1bn (year-end 2012: €505.3bn), comprising 5,559 Airbus aircraft (year-end 2012: 4,682 units) and representing over eight years of production. Airbus Military’s order book was worth €20.8bn (year-end 2012: €21.1bn). Airbus series aircraft deliveries increased to 626 aircraft (FY 2012: 588 aircraft, including three A330s without revenue recognition). Airbus Military delivered 31 aircraft (FY 2012: 29 aircraft). Airbus’ consolidated revenues increased seven percent to €42,012m (FY 2012: €39,273m), reflecting higher commercial and military aircraft deliveries. The Division’s consolidated EBIT rose to €1,710m (FY 2012: €1,252m). Airbus Commercial’s revenues rose to €39,889m (FY 2012: €37,624m). The Airbus Commercial reported EBIT was €1,595m (FY 2012: €1,147m) with the EBIT before one-off at €2,216m (FY 2012: €1,669m). Airbus Commercial’s EBIT before one-off benefitted from the improved operational performance, including favourable volume, some better pricing and an improvement in A380 losses. It also included higher A350 XWB programme support costs. Revenues at Airbus Military rose to €2,893m (FY 2012: €2,131m), driven by the A400M ramp-up and higher volumes from both light and medium transport planes and tankers. The EBIT at Airbus Military was €166m (FY 2012: €93m).
January 29, 2014 · 74 Views
Boeing Commercial Airplanes fourth-quarter revenue increased to $14.7bn and full-year revenue increased to a record $53bn on higher delivery volume. Fourth-quarter operating margin improved to 10.3% and full-year operating margin grew to 10.9% on the higher volume, favorable delivery mix and continued strong operating performance. During the quarter, the company launched the 777X with 259 orders and commitments. During the year, the 787 program completed first flight of the 787-9, successfully launched the 787-10 and began operating at a 10 per month production rate in final assembly. The 737 program delivered at a record production rate of 38 per month and has won nearly 1,800 firm orders for the 737 MAX since launch. In 2013, a record 648 commercial aircraft were delivered. In January 2014, the company reached an eight-year contract extension through 2024 with the International Association of Machinists & Aerospace Workers District 751 (IAM). Commercial Airplanes booked 465 net orders during the quarter and 1,355 during the year. Backlog remains strong with 5,080 airplanes valued at a record $374 billion.
January 9, 2014 · 65 Views
The A350 XWB development aircraft, MSN3, is in Bolivia where it will perform a series of tests at the high altitude airfields of Cochabamba and La Paz. Cochabamba is around 8,300 feet above sea level, and La Paz is one of the world’s highest airports at 13,300 feet. Operations at such high altitude airfields are particularly demanding on aircraft engines, Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) and systems. The aim of these trials is to demonstrate and validate the full functionality of engines, systems, materials as well as to assess the overall aircraft behaviour under these extreme conditions. A number of take-offs with all engines operating and with simulated engine failures are being performed at each of the airfields to collect data on engine operating characteristics and validate the aircraft take-off performance. The autopilot behaviour will also be evaluated during automatic landings and go-arounds. Since the A350 XWB’s first flight with MSN1 on June 14th 2013, over 800 flight test hours have been performed in close to 200 test flights by both MSN1 and MSN3. In total the A350 XWB flight test campaign will accumulate around 2,500 flight hours with the fleet of five aircraft. The rigorous flight testing will lead to the certification of the A350-900 by the European EASA and US FAA airworthiness authorities, prior to entry into service in Q4 2014.
July 5, 2013 · 64 Views
Firefly, Malaysia Airlines’ subsidiary carrier has taken ownership of its first brand-new ATR 72-600. The aircraft is the first of 20 latest generation firm ATRs, plus 16 options, ordered by Malaysia Airlines in December 2012. Firefly currently operates 12 ATR 72-500s, and with the arrival of the new ATR 72-600s will almost triple its exclusively ATR 72 aircraft fleet, taking the total to over 30 aircraft.
June 26, 2013 · 40 Views
Certification testing is underway on the first Passport development engine at GE Aviation’s Peebles Testing Operation in Ohio. The engine began ground testing on June 24th and ran for more than three hours, reaching more than 18,000 lbs. of standard day sea-level takeoff thrust. Eight Passport engines and one core will be involved in the engine certification program. Flight testing on GE’s flying testbed is scheduled for 2014. Engine certification is expected in 2015. The Passport engine certification program follows three years of validation testing. GE Aviation has conducted validation tests on the fan blisk design, including two fan blade-out rig tests, ingestion tests and a fan aero rig test to demonstrate fan efficiency. Testing is complete on the third eCore demonstrator, and GE has accumulated more than 300 hours of testing on eCore demonstrators to date.
May 22, 2013 · 53 Views
Rolls-Royce has won an order from US leasing company CIT Aerospace for Trent XWB engines, to power ten Airbus A350 XWB aircraft and Trent 700 engines to power 13 Airbus A330 aircraft. The Trent XWB engines will power ten CIT A350 aircraft that were announced in January 2013 which were in addition to five A350 XWB aircraft already on order. The Trent XWB, specifically designed for the Airbus A350, is the fastest selling Trent engine ever, with more than 1,200 already sold. The engine variant that will power the A350-800 and -900 was awarded European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) type certification in February. The engine will power the first flight of the Airbus A350 XWB this year and the aircraft’s first in-service flight in 2014.
July 29, 2014 · 162 Views
The Monarch Group, the UK’s leading independent travel group, announced the appointments of Sir Roy McNulty, currently a Non-Executive Director, as Group Chairman and Andrew Swaffield, currently Managing Director of Monarch Airlines, as Group Chief Executive. They will assume the responsibilities of Iain Rawlinson, Executive Chairman, who steps down from the Board after five years with the Group. Andrew Lavery has been appointed Chief Financial Officer.
July 29, 2014 · 323 Views
Air Seychelles, the national airline of the Republic of Seychelles, will take delivery of its first Airbus A320 aircraft in December 2014, heralding significant enhancements to its international flight schedule at the same time. The changes, effective December 1st, include increased weekly frequencies between Seychelles and Abu Dhabi, more capacity on flights to Mauritius, and revised schedules for routes to and from Johannesburg, Mauritius, and Paris.
July 29, 2014 · 111 Views
Air Comm Corporation (ACC), an industry leader in the design, development, production and certification of Environmental Control, Air Management and Thermal Management Systems for fixed and rotary wing aircraft, is expanding its Quantum Control software footprint to manage manufacturing and repair service operations at the company’s Dallas location. ACC currently leverages Quantum at its facility in Colorado. This expansion with Quantum will bridge best practices and standardization for efficient operations across the company enterprise. “Dallas is an important repair hub in the United States and last year’s acquisition of Meggitt’s Keith Products Division gave us a great opportunity to expand our capabilities with a repair center specific to our ECS customer needs. Quantum helped us in Colorado to further integrate and streamline Operations, Program / Project Management, and Accounting so that we are able to provide an even higher level of service to our customers. Our Dallas facility is now utilizing the same best practices across all of our services through Quantum,” said Keith Steiner, CEO at ACC.
July 29, 2014 · 197 Views
C&L Aerospace has hired Matt Eaton, a proven leader in the industry, as Senior Vice President of MRO Marketing and Sales. Eaton has more than 30 years of experience in Commercial and General Aviation and will focus on business development for maintenance, interior and painting at C&L.
July 29, 2014 · 119 Views
Boeing and All Nippon Airways celebrated the delivery of the airline’s first 787-9 Dreamliner. ANA will become the world’s first airline to operate both the 787-8 and 787-9 variants of the Dreamliner family when the airline launches 787-9 services on domestic Japanese routes in August. With this delivery, ANA will have 29 787s in its fleet, more than any other operator in the world.
July 29, 2014 · 149 Views
WestJet announced its second quarter results for 2014, with net earnings of $51.8m as compared with the net earnings of $44.7m in the second quarter of 2013. Based on the trailing twelve months, the airline achieved a return on invested capital of 13.7%, consistent with the 13.7% reported in the previous quarter.
July 29, 2014 · 163 Views
Spirit Airlines reported adjusted net income for the second quarter 2014 increased 45.2% to $66.5m compared to $45.8m the second quarter 2013. GAAP net income for the second quarter 2014 was $64.8m compared to $42.1m in the second quarter 2013. For the second quarter 2014, Spirit achieved an adjusted pre-tax margin of 21.3% compared to 17.8% over the same period in 2013. On a GAAP basis, pre-tax margin for the second quarter 2014 was 20.8% compared to 16.4% in the second quarter 2013. Spirit ended the second quarter 2014 with $567.2m in unrestricted cash.
July 29, 2014 · 191 Views
FLY Leasing Limited, a global lessor of modern commercial jet aircraft, has signed agreements with a leading Asian airline to purchase and lease back three Airbus A330-300 aircraft. Under the terms of the agreements, FLY will purchase the first of the aircraft in the coming weeks and the two remaining aircraft later this year. Two of the aircraft were manufactured in 2013 and the third in 2014. In a separate transaction, FLY has purchased a B737-800 on a long-term lease to a leading European carrier. FLY now has a fleet of 118 aircraft on lease to more than 65 airlines in over 35 countries.
July 29, 2014 · 208 Views
Rolls-Royce notes the termination by Airbus of an order for six Trent 900-powered Airbus A380 aircraft from Skymark Airlines of Japan. The aircraft were due for delivery between 2014 and 2015. The airline had also selected TotalCare service and support for the engines. This cancellation reduces the Group’s order book by £351m which represents 0.5% of the Group’s order book of £71.6bn as at 31 December 2013. Rolls-Royce announced on 15 September 2011 that Skymark had signed a letter of intent for the six Trent 900-powered aircraft. On 18 December 2012 Rolls-Royce announced that Skymark had signed a contract for Trent 900 engines with long-term TotalCare service support.
July 29, 2014 · 226 Views
Calgary-based WestJet Encore has signed a firm purchase agreement for five Q400 NextGen airliners. This transaction is a conversion of a batch of five options booked by the carrier’s parent company WestJet and follows the first conversion of five option aircraft announced on March 27, 2014, bringing the number of option aircraft exercised to 10. The initial total of 25 option aircraft was part of the original contract announced on August 1st, 2012 that included WestJet’s firm order for 20 Q400 NextGen airliners.
July 30, 2014 · 179 Views
Boeing is forecasting continued strong growth in demand for commercial aviation pilots and maintenance technicians as the global fleet expands over the next 20 years. Boeing’s 2014 Pilot and Technician Outlook, released at EAA AirVenture Oshkosh, projects that between 2014 and 2033, the world’s aviation system will require 533,000 new commercial airline pilots and 584,000 new commercial airline maintenance technicians. The 2014 outlook projects continued increases in pilot demand, which is up approximately 7% compared to 2013; and in maintenance training, which increased just over 5%. Pilot demand in the Asia Pacific region now comprises 41% of the world’s need, and the Middle East region saw significant growth since last year’s outlook due to increased airline capacity and orders for wide-body models which require more crew members. Overall, the global demand is driven by steadily increasing airplane deliveries, particularly wide-body airplanes, and represents a global requirement for about 27,000 new pilots and 29,000 new technicians annually. Projected demand for new pilots and technicians by global region:
Asia Pacific – 216,000 pilots and 224,000 technicians
Europe – 94,000 pilots and 102,000 technicians
North America – 88,000 pilots and 109,000 technicians
Latin America – 45,000 pilots and 44,000 technicians
Middle East – 55,000 pilots and 62,000 technicians
Africa – 17,000 pilots and 19,000 technicians
Russia and CIS – 18,000 pilots and 24,000 technicians
July 30, 2014 · 149 Views
UTC Aerospace Systems’ Landing Systems business marked a major milestone when it delivered its 5,000th set of landing gear for a Next-Generation 737 to Boeing. The gear components were delivered from their final integration site, the Landing Systems facility in Everett, Washington. The Everett facility supports the Boeing production line through provision of fully integrated gear, complete with wheels and brakes installed. Multiple deliveries each day from UTC Aerospace Systems to Boeing support production lines in a manner consistent with a Lean Manufacturing philosophy.
July 30, 2014 · 152 Views
CIT Group, a global leader in aircraft finance, reported that CIT Aerospace provided a $27m senior secured credit facility to Virgo Investment Group, a private investment management firm, to finance its acquisition of four Boeing 737-700 aircraft leased to GOL. Each aircraft is equipped with CFM56 engines. The financing was provided by CIT Bank, the U.S. commercial bank subsidiary of CIT. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.
July 30, 2014 · 191 Views
Airbus Group reported solid results for the first half of 2014, reflecting operational improvement and the continued focus on programme execution. Demand for the Group’s products remains strong as shown at July’s Farnborough Air Show, where Airbus announced 496 aircraft orders and commitments confirming the health of the commercial aircraft market. The A330neo was endorsed by the market with 121 commitments announced at the show. Group order intake in the first half was €27.7bn (H1 2013: €95.6bn), with the order books worth €677.4bn on 30 June, 2014 (year-end 2013: €680.6bn). Airbus received 290 net commercial aircraft orders (H1 2013: 722 net orders). Net order intake at Airbus Helicopters was 148 units (H1 2013: 167 units) while in July agreements were signed to supply 123 rotorcraft to China. Group revenues increased 6% to €27.2bn (H1 2013: €25.7bn), driven by Airbus Commercial Aircraft and Airbus Helicopters. Airbus’ revenues 7%, reflecting the increase in deliveries to 303 aircraft (H1 2013: 295 deliveries) and a more favourable mix, including five additional A380s compared to a year earlier. Airbus Helicopters’ revenues rose 8% as deliveries increased to 200 units (H1 2013: 190 units) including the NH90 ramp up. EBIT before one-off for Airbus rose to €1,287m (H1 2013: €1,231m), reflecting operational improvement but was weighed down by A350 XWB support costs and a more front-loaded research and development (R&D) expense profile compared to 2013. EBIT before one-off at Airbus Helicopters rose to €150m (H1 2013: €128m), reflecting the Super Puma recovery and services activities. Reported EBIT increased 24% to €1,839m (H1 2013: €1,478m) and included a €70m positive contribution from the dollar pre-delivery payment mismatch and balance sheet revaluation. The finance result was €-252m (H1 2013: €-417m while net income increased to €1,135m (H1 2013: €758m).
July 30, 2014 · 206 Views
Boeing released that final assembly of the 787-10, the newest and longest member of the 787 Dreamliner family of airplanes, will take place exclusively in North Charleston, S.C. Boeing will continue to assemble both 787-8s and 787-9s in Everett, Wash., and North Charleston. Design of the 787-10 is underway in Everett, with final assembly of the first 787-10 scheduled to begin in South Carolina in 2017. “We looked at all our options and found the most efficient and effective solution is to build the 787-10 at Boeing South Carolina,” said Larry Loftis, vice president and general manager, 787 program, Boeing Commercial Airplanes. “This will allow us to balance 787 production across the North Charleston and Everett sites as we increase production rates. We’re happy with our growth and success in South Carolina, and the continued success at both sites gives us confidence in our plan going forward.” The 787-10 will be 18 feet (5.5 meters) longer than the 787-9. With 10 feet (3 meters) of that increase in the midbody section, the 787-10 midbody is too long to be transported efficiently from North Charleston, where systems integration work is performed, to the Everett facility for final assembly. In addition, introducing the 787-10 in North Charleston takes advantage of that facility’s capacity while allowing the Everett facility to continue improving productivity as it focuses on the 787-8 and 787-9. The 787 production system includes three production lines: two in Everett (including a temporary surge line) and one in South Carolina. The integrated production system currently operates at a production rate of 10 airplanes per month. As announced last year, the 787 production rate will increase to 12 airplanes per month in 2016 and 14 per month by the end of the decade.
July 30, 2014 · 259 Views
An airline, which has requested to remain unidentified at the present time, has signed a firm purchase agreement for five Q400 NextGen turboprop airliners. Based on the list price for the Q400 NextGen airliner, the transaction is valued at approximately US$168m.
July 30, 2014 · 248 Views
Messier-Bugatti-Dowty and Sabena technics signed an agreement on July 18th for Messier-Bugatti-Dowty to acquire Sabena technics’ 50% stake in their 50/50 joint company, Hydrep. The transaction is scheduled to take effect in September 2014. Based in Dinard, France, Hydrep employs 100 people and is a leading provider of repair services for landing gear on regional and business airplanes and helicopters. After a successful 23-year partnership between these two leading aerospace companies, Hydrep, as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Messier-Bugatti-Dowty, will be able to bolster its position in the market for landing gear maintenance and associated services.
July 30, 2014 · 243 Views
PEMCO World Air Services announced the redelivery of three more 737-300 freighters to Yangtze River Express (Shanghai China) over the past several weeks. Yangtze River Express, which manages the cargo operations of Hainan Airlines, China Xinhua Airlines and other members of the Hainan Air Group, has already placed two of the freighters (MSN 28599, MSN 28606) into service, with the third (MSN 28602) entering service later this month. The first and third aircraft were converted at TAECO / Xiamen and the second was converted at STAECO / Jinan.