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Saturday, July 12, 2014

AviTrader Daily Aviation News Alert

This is an overview of all articles linked within the selected daily newsletter.
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Emirates reject Delta’s apology regarding Anderson’s 9/11 comments

February 20, 2015 · 541 Views

The bitter dispute between US- and Gulf-based airlines has reached a new level after Emirates flatly rejected an open apology made concerning what was seen as incredibly tactless and insensitive remarks made by Delta’s Chief Executive, Richard Anderson. The unfortunate incident relates back to comments made by a group of American airlines that a number of the larger Gulf carriers had benefited from state subsidies amounting to a figure in excess of US$40bn. As a consequence the American airlines either wanted to renegotiate or scrap the current Open Skies agreement.
Offended by such claims, the Gulf carriers retaliated by questioning whether or not US airlines had received government subsidies totaling US$5bn in the wake of 9/11. Unfortunately Delta’s Anderson, responding to this claim on CNN, said: “It’s a great irony to have the United Arab Emirates from the Arabian Peninsula talk about that, given the fact that our industry was really shocked by the terrorism of 9/11, which came from terrorists from the Arabian Peninsula.” While the UAE and Qatar, two of the States’ allies who have offered either military or logistical support for international operations were particularly upset by these comments, Delta simply made it clear that Anderson had been responding to claims regarding post 9/11 subsidies. “He didn’t mean to suggest the Gulf carriers or their governments are linked to the 9/11 terrorists. We apologize if anyone was offended.”
Unfortunately the largest of the three main Gulf carriers did not see this as acceptable. “We believe that the statements made this week by Mr. Anderson were deliberately crafted and delivered for specific effect,” it confirmed in a statement. However US airlines continue to complain that they have lost significant numbers of bookings since 2008 as a result of Gulf competition and cited documents they indicate demonstrate aid which has allowed their competitors to offer cheap fares. In retaliation, Gulf officials say that most US carriers do not fly the same routes and are losing business only because they offer an inferior service.
This is not a dissimilar situation to the one between Gulf airlines and European carriers, including Lufthansa, and coincidentally has come at the same time as US airlines are trying to have US Exlm Bank closed down. They believe Gulf carriers are benefitting to a greater degree from the export credit agency. The tit-for-tat dialog continues with Western airlines showing concern for the safety of thousands of service industry jobs, a complaint to which Gulf carriers have responded by making it very clear they support at least as many jobs in the aerospace sector with their huge orders for aircraft.


Snecma and HAL to create joint venture and build a new production facility in India

February 20, 2015 · 639 Views

Snecma (Safran), a leading manufacturer of aircraft engines, and Hindustan Aeronautics  (HAL), a leading aerospace manufacturer, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on January 28th, 2015 in Bangalore to explore establishing a joint venture in India for the production of aero-engine parts.  The proposed joint venture will initially focus on the manufacture of high-tech parts for the Dassault Rafale’s Snecma M88 engine, then subsequently contribute to other major aerospace projects of HAL & Snecma, in India and worldwide. Spanning over 30,000 m², the proposed joint venture’s new plant is expected to benefit from substantial investment by the two partners, providing it with state-of-the-art machinery and equipment. This agreement marks a major step forward in the long-standing collaboration between Snecma and HAL. The proposed joint venture will further broaden the scope of the excellent relations established over the past 60 years between Safran affiliates and the Indian aerospace industry. For example, Snecma manufactures the M53 engines powering the Mirage 2000H “Vajra” fighters operated by the Indian Air Force.


Design flaws led to 787 battery fire

December 2, 2014 · 195 Views

On the 7th January 2013 a fire was reported on board a Boeing 787 Dreamliner while parked at Boston’s airport in the USA. The fire was put down to a problem with one of the plane’s lithium-ion batteries. A week later an All Nippon Airways 787 Dreamliner had to make an emergency landing after smoke was discovered inside the plane which was subsequently traced back to another lithium-ion battery. As a consequence of this incident, all 787 Dreamliners were grounded until April of that year until further acceptable testing and improvements were carried out to the battery system on board the plane. The battery itself was manufactured by GS Yuasa and comprised eight individual cells making up a combined weight of 63lbs.
Nearly two years later and the results of the investigation into the first incident have concluded that the lithium-ion battery installed in the plane should not have received certification by the FAA. The National Transport Safety Board (NTSB) were also critical of Boeing who they believed had erroneously ruled out the chances of thermal runaway in its assessment of the battery’s safety. Boeing’s battery tests to obtain original certification included crushing battery cells, driving nails through them and deliberately introducing short circuits to cause failure. Boeing found “nothing adverse happened” while these tests were carried out, and so deemed the battery’s box and internal protection to be of an acceptable standard. Boeing stated that it had followed the certification process set out by the FAA. It would seem that while the cause of the fire has been clearly identified, responsibility for its occurrence has not been accepted in full by anyone.


Rolls-Royce forced to axe 2,600 jobs after second profit warning this year

November 5, 2014 · 162 Views

Back in February this year, Rolls-Royce, the FTSE-100 engine maker, lost over £3bn of its value after shocking the market with its first profits warning in a decade. To announce a second one this October has created considerable concern and Rolls-Royce has decided that over the next 18 months they need to reduce costs by up to £80m a year by axing 2,600 jobs, the majority of which will be in the aerospace sector in Britain and the United States. The focus is on Rolls-Royce’s key Trent engines as they move from the development to the production phase, which consequently requires fewer engineers.
Back in February John Rishton, Rolls-Royce group’s Chief Executive, had admitted that the future was “bumpier than I had expected”, while blaming the current problems on deteriorating economic conditions and a tit-for-tat trade war between the EU and Russia over the Ukrainian crisis which had affected its nuclear and energy business as well as its power-systems unit. This week Rishton has had to admit that “We are taking determined management action and accelerating our progress on cost. The measures announced today will not be the last; however they will contribute towards Rolls-Royce becoming a stronger and more profitable company.”
Another consequence of the situation is the unexpected departure of Finance Director, Mark Morris, leaving the company after 27 year without any explanation. He will be replaced by David Smith, who is being promoted from Finance Director of the Rolls-Royce Aerospace division. This second profit warning saw share value fall 11% to 832p, wiping a further £2bn off the company’s value. However, news of the redundancies was well received by investors and the share price rallied by 2%, currently standing at 832p. This is clear confirmation of comments made by Espirito Santo’s analyst, Ed Stacey, who indicated that investors would be expecting a clear message from the new Finance Director and tight control on all finances.


Air France-KLM selects GEnx engines for Boeing 787 fleet

March 25, 2014 · 111 Views

Air France-KLM selected the GEnx-1B engine to power its 25 Boeing 787 Dreamliners and 12 leased 787 aircraft. The total engine order is valued at more than $1.7bn. Air France-KLM and GE Aviation have also signed an agreement that will allow Air France-KLM to offer maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services for the GEnx-1B engine. Under this agreement, Air France-KLM will be licensed to perform maintenance and overhaul work on the GEnx-1B engine and GE will provide technical support and assistance on overhaul workscoping and component repair licenses, comprehensive material support and training.


ILFC closes $1.5bn senior secured term loan

March 7, 2014 · 78 Views

International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) has closed a new senior secured term loan of $1.5 billion. The loan will bear interest at LIBOR plus 275 basis points with a 0.75% LIBOR floor, is priced at 99.5% of par value, and will mature in 2021. The collateral used to support the transaction has an initial weighted average age of 9.1 years. It will be secured primarily by a first priority-perfected lien on the equity of certain of ILFC’s subsidiaries, which directly or indirectly own a pool of aircraft and related leases. ILFC plans to use the proceeds for general corporate purposes, including purchasing aircraft and supporting the company’s liquidity cushion.


Airbus Commercial reports another year of financial improvement

February 26, 2014 · 78 Views

In 2013, Airbus achieved a new industry record of 1,619 gross commercial orders (FY 2012: 914 gross orders) with net orders of 1,503 aircraft (FY 2012: 833 net orders), excluding ATR. Gross orders comprised 1,253 A320 Family aircraft, 77 A330s, 239 A350 XWBs and 50 A380s. Fourth-quarter orders included Emirates Airline’s agreement for 50 A380s and Etihad Airways’ order for 50 A350 XWBs, 36 A320neos and one A330-200F. Airbus Military (now part of Airbus Defence and Space) received 17 net orders (FY 2012: 32 net orders). Airbus’ net order intake increased sharply to €202.3bn (FY 2012: €88.9bn). At the end of 2013, Airbus’ consolidated order book was valued at €647.4bn (year-end 2012: €525.5bn). The Airbus Commercial backlog was worth €627.1bn (year-end 2012: €505.3bn), comprising 5,559 Airbus aircraft (year-end 2012: 4,682 units) and representing over eight years of production. Airbus Military’s order book was worth €20.8bn (year-end 2012: €21.1bn). Airbus series aircraft deliveries increased to 626 aircraft (FY 2012: 588 aircraft, including three A330s without revenue recognition). Airbus Military delivered 31 aircraft (FY 2012: 29 aircraft). Airbus’ consolidated revenues increased seven percent to €42,012m (FY 2012: €39,273m), reflecting higher commercial and military aircraft deliveries. The Division’s consolidated EBIT rose to €1,710m (FY 2012: €1,252m). Airbus Commercial’s revenues rose to €39,889m (FY 2012: €37,624m). The Airbus Commercial reported EBIT was €1,595m (FY 2012: €1,147m) with the EBIT before one-off at €2,216m (FY 2012: €1,669m). Airbus Commercial’s EBIT before one-off benefitted from the improved operational performance, including favourable volume, some better pricing and an improvement in A380 losses. It also included higher A350 XWB programme support costs. Revenues at Airbus Military rose to €2,893m (FY 2012: €2,131m), driven by the A400M ramp-up and higher volumes from both light and medium transport planes and tankers. The EBIT at Airbus Military was €166m (FY 2012: €93m).


Boeing Commercial Airplanes reports full year revenue of $53bn

January 29, 2014 · 74 Views

Boeing Commercial Airplanes fourth-quarter revenue increased to $14.7bn and full-year revenue increased to a record $53bn on higher delivery volume. Fourth-quarter operating margin improved to 10.3% and full-year operating margin grew to 10.9% on the higher volume, favorable delivery mix and continued strong operating performance. During the quarter, the company launched the 777X with 259 orders and commitments. During the year, the 787 program completed first flight of the 787-9, successfully launched the 787-10 and began operating at a 10 per month production rate in final assembly. The 737 program delivered at a record production rate of 38 per month and has won nearly 1,800 firm orders for the 737 MAX since launch. In 2013, a record 648 commercial aircraft were delivered. In January 2014, the company reached an eight-year contract extension through 2024 with the International Association of Machinists & Aerospace Workers District 751 (IAM). Commercial Airplanes booked 465 net orders during the quarter and 1,355 during the year. Backlog remains strong with 5,080 airplanes valued at a record $374 billion.


A350 XWB in Bolivia for high altitude testing

January 9, 2014 · 65 Views

The A350 XWB development aircraft, MSN3, is in Bolivia where it will perform a series of tests at the high altitude airfields of Cochabamba and La Paz. Cochabamba is around 8,300 feet above sea level, and La Paz is one of the world’s highest airports at 13,300 feet. Operations at such high altitude airfields are particularly demanding on aircraft engines, Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) and systems. The aim of these trials is to demonstrate and validate the full functionality of engines, systems, materials as well as to assess the overall aircraft behaviour under these extreme conditions. A number of take-offs with all engines operating and with simulated engine failures are being performed at each of the airfields to collect data on engine operating characteristics and validate the aircraft take-off performance. The autopilot behaviour will also be evaluated during automatic landings and go-arounds. Since the A350 XWB’s first flight with MSN1 on June 14th 2013, over 800 flight test hours have been performed in close to 200 test flights by both MSN1 and MSN3. In total the A350 XWB flight test campaign will accumulate around 2,500 flight hours with the fleet of five aircraft. The rigorous flight testing will lead to the certification of the A350-900 by the European EASA and US FAA airworthiness authorities, prior to entry into service in Q4 2014.


Firefly welcomes first ATR 72-600

July 5, 2013 · 64 Views

Firefly, Malaysia Airlines’ subsidiary carrier has taken ownership of its first brand-new ATR 72-600. The aircraft is the first of 20 latest generation firm ATRs, plus 16 options, ordered by Malaysia Airlines in December 2012. Firefly currently operates 12 ATR 72-500s, and with the arrival of the new ATR 72-600s will almost triple its exclusively ATR 72 aircraft fleet, taking the total to over 30 aircraft.


GE’s Passport engine begins first full engine test

June 26, 2013 · 40 Views

Certification testing is underway on the first Passport development engine at GE Aviation’s Peebles Testing Operation in Ohio. The engine began ground testing on June 24th and ran for more than three hours, reaching more than 18,000 lbs. of standard day sea-level takeoff thrust. Eight Passport engines and one core will be involved in the engine certification program. Flight testing on GE’s flying testbed is scheduled for 2014. Engine certification is expected in 2015. The Passport engine certification program follows three years of validation testing. GE Aviation has conducted validation tests on the fan blisk design, including two fan blade-out rig tests, ingestion tests and a fan aero rig test to demonstrate fan efficiency. Testing is complete on the third eCore demonstrator, and GE has accumulated more than 300 hours of testing on eCore demonstrators to date.


Rolls-Royce wins order from CIT to power 23 aircraft

May 22, 2013 · 53 Views

Rolls-Royce has won an order from US leasing company CIT Aerospace for Trent XWB engines, to power ten Airbus A350 XWB aircraft and Trent 700 engines to power 13 Airbus A330 aircraft. The Trent XWB engines will power ten CIT A350 aircraft that were announced in January 2013 which were in addition to five A350 XWB aircraft already on order. The Trent XWB, specifically designed for the Airbus A350, is the fastest selling Trent engine ever, with more than 1,200 already sold. The engine variant that will power the A350-800 and -900 was awarded European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) type certification in February. The engine will power the first flight of the Airbus A350 XWB this year and the aircraft’s first in-service flight in 2014.


Boeing offers better In-Flight Connectivity options

July 10, 2014 · 94 Views

Boeing continues to advance its suite of connectivity offerings for customers, signing a contract with General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems to produce a new radome, the Boeing Tri-band. The radome will support Ku and K/Ka wideband commercial and military satellite communications. The Boeing Tri-band radome is the latest of several Boeing initiatives to provide safe and reliable passenger services, such as in-flight use for cell phones, internet access via Wi-Fi connectivity and live satellite television broadcasts. It will be available for both retrofit and production airplane installation in the fourth quarter of 2015. A radome, a combination of “radar” and “dome,” is a weatherproof structure that protects an airplane’s antenna to enable reliable satellite communications. The Boeing Tri-band is approximately the size of a car-top luggage carrier and has a maximum weight of 80 pounds. It is designed for use with antennas from multiple manufacturers and with data services from all current providers, offering more passenger connectivity choices for Boeing airplane operators. Based on Boeing’s proven Ku-band radome design, the new design meets or exceeds current Ku-band radome performance and also provides industry-leading performance for Ka-band operators.


Airbus Helicopters’ EC175 full-flight simulator ready for service

July 10, 2014 · 95 Views

The first Level D full-flight simulator for Airbus Helicopters’ EC175 rotorcraft has received airworthiness certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), enabling launch pilots to be trained with this high-fidelity system. Located at the Helisim Training Academy adjacent to Airbus Helicopters’ headquarters and production facility at Marignane, France, the motion-based EC175 full-flight simulator incorporates a state-of-the-art visual projection system with a 210-deg. by 80-deg. continuous field of view. The simulator was built by global technology firm Indra in close cooperation with Airbus Helicopters in its role as the EC175 manufacturer, and is equipped with the same data pack, avionics suite and automatic flight control system as the actual EC175 rotorcraft.


Air Maintenance Estonia appoints Jonas Butautis as new CEO

July 10, 2014 · 5401 Views

Air Maintenance Estonia (AME), a Tallinn-based MRO organization, appointed Jonas Butautis as its new Chief Executive Officer. Jonas Butautis ‎brings a successful track record of developing Total Technical Care MRO businesses, as well as an extensive experience in strategy implementation projects across a number of countries and industries. Before joining AME, Jonas led strategy execution projects for global organizations in Europe, Asia, and Australia.


MTU Aero Engines takes stake in GE9X engine program

July 10, 2014 · 239 Views

MTU Aero Engines will be taking a 4% workshare in General Electric’s GE9X program. Germany’s leading engine manufacturer will be manufacturing and assuming design responsibility for the engine’s turbine center frame. Over the life of the program the workshare will be worth around €4.0bn in revenue for MTU. The new engine will be designed to exclusively power Boeing’s 777X long-haul airliner, which is slated to enter service around 2020. 300 aircraft are already on firm order or option. The contractual details still need to be finalized between the parties. MTU will participate in the engine’s sales and profits in proportion to its program share.


Christopher Olds joins AerSale as Director of Airframe Material Sales

July 10, 2014 · 321 Views

Christopher Olds has joined AerSale as the Director of Airframe Material Sales. In his role, Christopher will be responsible for managing and developing all aspects of the Airframe Materials Sales Group out of AerSale’s Dallas office. Christopher is an accomplished business leader with over 15 year of management, strategy, aircraft finance/leasing, technical management and operational experience in the aviation/aerospace industry. He joins AerSale having previously worked for Parker Hannifin where he served as a Strategic Marketing Manager.


Virgin America reports June 2014 operational results

July 10, 2014 · 145 Views

Virgin America reported its preliminary operational results for June 2014. The airline’s traffic increased 0.5% on capacity that was 0.9% lower than in the same month in 2013. Load factor was 86.1%, up 1.2 points from June 2013.


Republic Airways reports June traffic increase of 16%

July 10, 2014 · 179 Views

Republic Airways reported June traffic increase of 16% over the same period in 2013, on a 13% increase in capacity. Load factor increased 2.0 points to 82.5% from the same period in 2013.


Boeing forecasts demand for 36,770 new airplanes valued at $5.2 trillion

July 10, 2014 · 243 Views

Boeing projects a demand for 36,770 new airplanes over the next 20 years, an increase of 4.2% from last year’s forecast. The company released its annual Current Market Outlook (CMO) on July 10th in London, estimating the total value of those new airplanes at $5.2 trillion. Fueling this year’s forecast is the single-aisle market, which is projected to be the fastest growing and most dynamic segment due to the continued emergence of low-cost carriers. 25,680 new airplanes will be needed in this segment, making up 70% of the total units in the forecast. Boeing forecasts that 8,600 new airplanes will be needed in the twin-aisle segment, led by small widebody airplanes in the 200 to 300 seat range such as the 787-8 and 787-9 Dreamliner. This year’s forecast reflects a continued shift in demand from very large airplanes to efficient new twin-engine products such as the 787-10 and new 777X.


GE names international aerospace companies as GE9X engine program participants

July 10, 2014 · 304 Views

GE Aviation announced IHI Corporation (IHI: previously named Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Industries), Snecma and Techspace Aero (Safran), and MTU Aero Engines AG as participants in the GE9X engine program. The program participants will play a very significant role combining for approximately 25% share in the GE9X program, which is in development for the Boeing 777X aircraft.
IHI: With headquarters in Japan, IHI will be responsible for the design and manufacturing of various components in the low-pressure turbine and the fan mid-shaft.
Snecma (Safran): Based in France, Snecma will be responsible for the design and manufacturing of the 3D-woven composite forward fan case, the turbine rear frame and participate with GE on the composite fan blades through its 50/50 joint venture company at CFAN.
Techspace Aero (Safran): Headquartered in Belgium, Techspace Aero will be responsible for the design and manufacturing of the low pressure compressor as well as the manufacturing of the fan disk.
MTU Aero Engines AG: Located in Germany, MTU Aero Engines AG will be responsible for the design and manufacturing of the turbine center frame.


Rolls-Royce powers first delivery of Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner to Air New Zealand

July 10, 2014 · 5286 Views

Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 engines will power the first delivery flight of the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, to Air New Zealand, ahead of the aircraft’s entry into service. The delivery flight marks a new era in the relationship between Air New Zealand and Rolls-Royce. The airline was the first to order Trent 1000 engines, for 10 Boeing 787-9s, in 2004.


Stratos adds Lourens Geldenhuys to its team

July 11, 2014 · 140 Views

Monaco based Stratos, a boutique advisory firm providing independent aircraft financing, sourcing & placement advisory solutions for airlines, investors and manufacturers, added senior aviation banker Lourens Geldenhuys to its team. Lourens has been appointed as Project Director of Stratos, specialising in financial consulting and capital raising services. He will be responsible for expanding the company’s capabilities in providing comprehensive operational and financial solutions to airlines and investors.


DAC International Partners with Cathay Pacific Airways on GEN-X e-enabling program

July 11, 2014 · 146 Views

DAC International, a Greenwich AeroGroup company, is collaborating with Cathay Pacific Airways on its e-Enabled Aircraft Program. The Federal Aviation Administration approved the Supplemental Type Certificate for the Cathay Pacific e-Enabled Aircraft Program, and DAC International is providing the Gen-X e-Enabling AID device, selected by Cathay Pacific Airways and Dragonair for their fleet-wide aircraft implementation. The second generation Gen-X system was specifically developed by DAC International to meet the stringent requirements of the Cathay Pacific program. The system will be installed in the flight deck and cabin to support a wide range of applications including: system interfaces to the aircraft navigation systems, EFB functionality for charts and aircraft documentation, communication system interfaces for text messaging, maintenance support, e-Commerce applications as well as cabin applications for in-flight services.


AAR earns Nadcap accreditation for composites manufacturing

July 11, 2014 · 141 Views

AAR announced that its composites manufacturing facility in Clearwater, Florida, has earned Nadcap accreditation to fabricate and build composite parts and assemblies for commercial and military markets. The designation represents a milestone for AAR and distinguishes the company as an expert in the field of composites manufacturing capable of meeting the highest industry standards. Nadcap accreditation is a prerequisite for inclusion on the qualified product list for major aircraft OEMs including Boeing’s A10 and 777, Bombardier’s C-series, Sikorsky’s S-92, Gulfstream, UTC-UTAS A320 and Triumph programs. The qualification follows an audit performed by the Performance Review Institute over the past five months. Satisfying these customer requirements demonstrates AAR’s commitment to quality and opens the door to new business opportunities and expansion of key accounts.


GECAS delivers new leased A330 to China Airlines

July 11, 2014 · 131 Views

GE Capital Aviation Services Limited (GECAS) announced delivery of a new leased Airbus A330 aircraft to China Airlines to modernize its fleet. The aircraft is from GECAS’ existing order book with Airbus.


Royal Aero opens first division in the US

July 11, 2014 · 200 Views

As part of the Royal Aero Group’s continued expansion the company has opened an Airframe Parts division in North Carolina, USA. This operation is being run by two experienced Airframe Parts managers, Dave Dicken and Ed Thompson, who have recently joined the Royal Aero team. Together Dicken and Thompson have over 43 years of professional experience, having previously worked for companies such as Volvo Aero Services and Solair (now Kellstrom). Initially the North Carolina operation will focus on growing the Airframe Parts business and supporting the existing customer base. In addition Royal Aero is seeking to recruit experienced Engine Parts, Engine Leasing and Engineering Consultancy personnel to enhance their established engine business in the U.S. market.


Embraer to partner with Saab in joint programme management for Brazil´s F-X2 project

July 11, 2014 · 182 Views

Embraer and Saab have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to partner in joint programme management for the F-X2 Project, pursuant to the selection of the Gripen NG as Brazil´s next generation fighter jet. Under this agreement Embraer will perform a leading role in the overall programme performance as well as undertake an extensive share of work in the production and delivery of both the single and two-seat versions of the state-of-the-art Gripen NG aircraft for the Brazilian Air Force. Embraer will coordinate all development and production activities in Brazil on behalf of Saab and, in addition to its own extensive work packages, will participate in systems development, integration, flight tests, final assembly and deliveries.


Boeing selects supplier for 737 MAX Full-Flight Simulator

July 11, 2014 · 167 Views

Boeing selected TRU Simulation + Training as its supplier for state-of-the-art full-flight training suites for the 737 MAX.  The initial suite will include a full-flight simulator, a flat-panel training device and 10 desktop trainers which are anticipated to be ready for training in 2017 for customers new to both the Next-Generation 737 and 737 MAX. Current Next-Generation 737 customers who will begin operating the MAX can continue training new pilots on one of 14 Next-Generation 737 full-flight simulators within the Boeing Flight Services training network followed by a short differences training course for the 737 MAX. Pilots already certified on the Next-Generation 737 will not require a simulator course to transition to the 737 MAX.