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Wednesday, September 11, 2013

AviTrader Daily Aviation News Alert

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Emirates reject Delta’s apology regarding Anderson’s 9/11 comments

February 20, 2015 · 556 Views

The bitter dispute between US- and Gulf-based airlines has reached a new level after Emirates flatly rejected an open apology made concerning what was seen as incredibly tactless and insensitive remarks made by Delta’s Chief Executive, Richard Anderson. The unfortunate incident relates back to comments made by a group of American airlines that a number of the larger Gulf carriers had benefited from state subsidies amounting to a figure in excess of US$40bn. As a consequence the American airlines either wanted to renegotiate or scrap the current Open Skies agreement.
Offended by such claims, the Gulf carriers retaliated by questioning whether or not US airlines had received government subsidies totaling US$5bn in the wake of 9/11. Unfortunately Delta’s Anderson, responding to this claim on CNN, said: “It’s a great irony to have the United Arab Emirates from the Arabian Peninsula talk about that, given the fact that our industry was really shocked by the terrorism of 9/11, which came from terrorists from the Arabian Peninsula.” While the UAE and Qatar, two of the States’ allies who have offered either military or logistical support for international operations were particularly upset by these comments, Delta simply made it clear that Anderson had been responding to claims regarding post 9/11 subsidies. “He didn’t mean to suggest the Gulf carriers or their governments are linked to the 9/11 terrorists. We apologize if anyone was offended.”
Unfortunately the largest of the three main Gulf carriers did not see this as acceptable. “We believe that the statements made this week by Mr. Anderson were deliberately crafted and delivered for specific effect,” it confirmed in a statement. However US airlines continue to complain that they have lost significant numbers of bookings since 2008 as a result of Gulf competition and cited documents they indicate demonstrate aid which has allowed their competitors to offer cheap fares. In retaliation, Gulf officials say that most US carriers do not fly the same routes and are losing business only because they offer an inferior service.
This is not a dissimilar situation to the one between Gulf airlines and European carriers, including Lufthansa, and coincidentally has come at the same time as US airlines are trying to have US Exlm Bank closed down. They believe Gulf carriers are benefitting to a greater degree from the export credit agency. The tit-for-tat dialog continues with Western airlines showing concern for the safety of thousands of service industry jobs, a complaint to which Gulf carriers have responded by making it very clear they support at least as many jobs in the aerospace sector with their huge orders for aircraft.


Snecma and HAL to create joint venture and build a new production facility in India

February 20, 2015 · 655 Views

Snecma (Safran), a leading manufacturer of aircraft engines, and Hindustan Aeronautics  (HAL), a leading aerospace manufacturer, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on January 28th, 2015 in Bangalore to explore establishing a joint venture in India for the production of aero-engine parts.  The proposed joint venture will initially focus on the manufacture of high-tech parts for the Dassault Rafale’s Snecma M88 engine, then subsequently contribute to other major aerospace projects of HAL & Snecma, in India and worldwide. Spanning over 30,000 m², the proposed joint venture’s new plant is expected to benefit from substantial investment by the two partners, providing it with state-of-the-art machinery and equipment. This agreement marks a major step forward in the long-standing collaboration between Snecma and HAL. The proposed joint venture will further broaden the scope of the excellent relations established over the past 60 years between Safran affiliates and the Indian aerospace industry. For example, Snecma manufactures the M53 engines powering the Mirage 2000H “Vajra” fighters operated by the Indian Air Force.


Design flaws led to 787 battery fire

December 2, 2014 · 197 Views

On the 7th January 2013 a fire was reported on board a Boeing 787 Dreamliner while parked at Boston’s airport in the USA. The fire was put down to a problem with one of the plane’s lithium-ion batteries. A week later an All Nippon Airways 787 Dreamliner had to make an emergency landing after smoke was discovered inside the plane which was subsequently traced back to another lithium-ion battery. As a consequence of this incident, all 787 Dreamliners were grounded until April of that year until further acceptable testing and improvements were carried out to the battery system on board the plane. The battery itself was manufactured by GS Yuasa and comprised eight individual cells making up a combined weight of 63lbs.
Nearly two years later and the results of the investigation into the first incident have concluded that the lithium-ion battery installed in the plane should not have received certification by the FAA. The National Transport Safety Board (NTSB) were also critical of Boeing who they believed had erroneously ruled out the chances of thermal runaway in its assessment of the battery’s safety. Boeing’s battery tests to obtain original certification included crushing battery cells, driving nails through them and deliberately introducing short circuits to cause failure. Boeing found “nothing adverse happened” while these tests were carried out, and so deemed the battery’s box and internal protection to be of an acceptable standard. Boeing stated that it had followed the certification process set out by the FAA. It would seem that while the cause of the fire has been clearly identified, responsibility for its occurrence has not been accepted in full by anyone.


Rolls-Royce forced to axe 2,600 jobs after second profit warning this year

November 5, 2014 · 164 Views

Back in February this year, Rolls-Royce, the FTSE-100 engine maker, lost over £3bn of its value after shocking the market with its first profits warning in a decade. To announce a second one this October has created considerable concern and Rolls-Royce has decided that over the next 18 months they need to reduce costs by up to £80m a year by axing 2,600 jobs, the majority of which will be in the aerospace sector in Britain and the United States. The focus is on Rolls-Royce’s key Trent engines as they move from the development to the production phase, which consequently requires fewer engineers.
Back in February John Rishton, Rolls-Royce group’s Chief Executive, had admitted that the future was “bumpier than I had expected”, while blaming the current problems on deteriorating economic conditions and a tit-for-tat trade war between the EU and Russia over the Ukrainian crisis which had affected its nuclear and energy business as well as its power-systems unit. This week Rishton has had to admit that “We are taking determined management action and accelerating our progress on cost. The measures announced today will not be the last; however they will contribute towards Rolls-Royce becoming a stronger and more profitable company.”
Another consequence of the situation is the unexpected departure of Finance Director, Mark Morris, leaving the company after 27 year without any explanation. He will be replaced by David Smith, who is being promoted from Finance Director of the Rolls-Royce Aerospace division. This second profit warning saw share value fall 11% to 832p, wiping a further £2bn off the company’s value. However, news of the redundancies was well received by investors and the share price rallied by 2%, currently standing at 832p. This is clear confirmation of comments made by Espirito Santo’s analyst, Ed Stacey, who indicated that investors would be expecting a clear message from the new Finance Director and tight control on all finances.


Air France-KLM selects GEnx engines for Boeing 787 fleet

March 25, 2014 · 113 Views

Air France-KLM selected the GEnx-1B engine to power its 25 Boeing 787 Dreamliners and 12 leased 787 aircraft. The total engine order is valued at more than $1.7bn. Air France-KLM and GE Aviation have also signed an agreement that will allow Air France-KLM to offer maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services for the GEnx-1B engine. Under this agreement, Air France-KLM will be licensed to perform maintenance and overhaul work on the GEnx-1B engine and GE will provide technical support and assistance on overhaul workscoping and component repair licenses, comprehensive material support and training.


ILFC closes $1.5bn senior secured term loan

March 7, 2014 · 80 Views

International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) has closed a new senior secured term loan of $1.5 billion. The loan will bear interest at LIBOR plus 275 basis points with a 0.75% LIBOR floor, is priced at 99.5% of par value, and will mature in 2021. The collateral used to support the transaction has an initial weighted average age of 9.1 years. It will be secured primarily by a first priority-perfected lien on the equity of certain of ILFC’s subsidiaries, which directly or indirectly own a pool of aircraft and related leases. ILFC plans to use the proceeds for general corporate purposes, including purchasing aircraft and supporting the company’s liquidity cushion.


Airbus Commercial reports another year of financial improvement

February 26, 2014 · 80 Views

In 2013, Airbus achieved a new industry record of 1,619 gross commercial orders (FY 2012: 914 gross orders) with net orders of 1,503 aircraft (FY 2012: 833 net orders), excluding ATR. Gross orders comprised 1,253 A320 Family aircraft, 77 A330s, 239 A350 XWBs and 50 A380s. Fourth-quarter orders included Emirates Airline’s agreement for 50 A380s and Etihad Airways’ order for 50 A350 XWBs, 36 A320neos and one A330-200F. Airbus Military (now part of Airbus Defence and Space) received 17 net orders (FY 2012: 32 net orders). Airbus’ net order intake increased sharply to €202.3bn (FY 2012: €88.9bn). At the end of 2013, Airbus’ consolidated order book was valued at €647.4bn (year-end 2012: €525.5bn). The Airbus Commercial backlog was worth €627.1bn (year-end 2012: €505.3bn), comprising 5,559 Airbus aircraft (year-end 2012: 4,682 units) and representing over eight years of production. Airbus Military’s order book was worth €20.8bn (year-end 2012: €21.1bn). Airbus series aircraft deliveries increased to 626 aircraft (FY 2012: 588 aircraft, including three A330s without revenue recognition). Airbus Military delivered 31 aircraft (FY 2012: 29 aircraft). Airbus’ consolidated revenues increased seven percent to €42,012m (FY 2012: €39,273m), reflecting higher commercial and military aircraft deliveries. The Division’s consolidated EBIT rose to €1,710m (FY 2012: €1,252m). Airbus Commercial’s revenues rose to €39,889m (FY 2012: €37,624m). The Airbus Commercial reported EBIT was €1,595m (FY 2012: €1,147m) with the EBIT before one-off at €2,216m (FY 2012: €1,669m). Airbus Commercial’s EBIT before one-off benefitted from the improved operational performance, including favourable volume, some better pricing and an improvement in A380 losses. It also included higher A350 XWB programme support costs. Revenues at Airbus Military rose to €2,893m (FY 2012: €2,131m), driven by the A400M ramp-up and higher volumes from both light and medium transport planes and tankers. The EBIT at Airbus Military was €166m (FY 2012: €93m).


Boeing Commercial Airplanes reports full year revenue of $53bn

January 29, 2014 · 76 Views

Boeing Commercial Airplanes fourth-quarter revenue increased to $14.7bn and full-year revenue increased to a record $53bn on higher delivery volume. Fourth-quarter operating margin improved to 10.3% and full-year operating margin grew to 10.9% on the higher volume, favorable delivery mix and continued strong operating performance. During the quarter, the company launched the 777X with 259 orders and commitments. During the year, the 787 program completed first flight of the 787-9, successfully launched the 787-10 and began operating at a 10 per month production rate in final assembly. The 737 program delivered at a record production rate of 38 per month and has won nearly 1,800 firm orders for the 737 MAX since launch. In 2013, a record 648 commercial aircraft were delivered. In January 2014, the company reached an eight-year contract extension through 2024 with the International Association of Machinists & Aerospace Workers District 751 (IAM). Commercial Airplanes booked 465 net orders during the quarter and 1,355 during the year. Backlog remains strong with 5,080 airplanes valued at a record $374 billion.


A350 XWB in Bolivia for high altitude testing

January 9, 2014 · 67 Views

The A350 XWB development aircraft, MSN3, is in Bolivia where it will perform a series of tests at the high altitude airfields of Cochabamba and La Paz. Cochabamba is around 8,300 feet above sea level, and La Paz is one of the world’s highest airports at 13,300 feet. Operations at such high altitude airfields are particularly demanding on aircraft engines, Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) and systems. The aim of these trials is to demonstrate and validate the full functionality of engines, systems, materials as well as to assess the overall aircraft behaviour under these extreme conditions. A number of take-offs with all engines operating and with simulated engine failures are being performed at each of the airfields to collect data on engine operating characteristics and validate the aircraft take-off performance. The autopilot behaviour will also be evaluated during automatic landings and go-arounds. Since the A350 XWB’s first flight with MSN1 on June 14th 2013, over 800 flight test hours have been performed in close to 200 test flights by both MSN1 and MSN3. In total the A350 XWB flight test campaign will accumulate around 2,500 flight hours with the fleet of five aircraft. The rigorous flight testing will lead to the certification of the A350-900 by the European EASA and US FAA airworthiness authorities, prior to entry into service in Q4 2014.


Firefly welcomes first ATR 72-600

July 5, 2013 · 66 Views

Firefly, Malaysia Airlines’ subsidiary carrier has taken ownership of its first brand-new ATR 72-600. The aircraft is the first of 20 latest generation firm ATRs, plus 16 options, ordered by Malaysia Airlines in December 2012. Firefly currently operates 12 ATR 72-500s, and with the arrival of the new ATR 72-600s will almost triple its exclusively ATR 72 aircraft fleet, taking the total to over 30 aircraft.


GE’s Passport engine begins first full engine test

June 26, 2013 · 42 Views

Certification testing is underway on the first Passport development engine at GE Aviation’s Peebles Testing Operation in Ohio. The engine began ground testing on June 24th and ran for more than three hours, reaching more than 18,000 lbs. of standard day sea-level takeoff thrust. Eight Passport engines and one core will be involved in the engine certification program. Flight testing on GE’s flying testbed is scheduled for 2014. Engine certification is expected in 2015. The Passport engine certification program follows three years of validation testing. GE Aviation has conducted validation tests on the fan blisk design, including two fan blade-out rig tests, ingestion tests and a fan aero rig test to demonstrate fan efficiency. Testing is complete on the third eCore demonstrator, and GE has accumulated more than 300 hours of testing on eCore demonstrators to date.


Rolls-Royce wins order from CIT to power 23 aircraft

May 22, 2013 · 55 Views

Rolls-Royce has won an order from US leasing company CIT Aerospace for Trent XWB engines, to power ten Airbus A350 XWB aircraft and Trent 700 engines to power 13 Airbus A330 aircraft. The Trent XWB engines will power ten CIT A350 aircraft that were announced in January 2013 which were in addition to five A350 XWB aircraft already on order. The Trent XWB, specifically designed for the Airbus A350, is the fastest selling Trent engine ever, with more than 1,200 already sold. The engine variant that will power the A350-800 and -900 was awarded European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) type certification in February. The engine will power the first flight of the Airbus A350 XWB this year and the aircraft’s first in-service flight in 2014.


Qatar Airways to join oneworld on October 30th

September 9, 2013 · 12 Views

Qatar Airways will become a full member of the oneworld alliance with effect from October 30th, 2013, joining the world’s leading quality airline alliance. From that date, Qatar Airways will offer oneworld’s full range of services and benefits. This means that members of the established oneworld airlines’ frequent flyer programs, including Finnair Plus, will be able to earn and redeem awards and tier status points and receive all other oneworld benefits, including lounge access, on Qatar Airways.


Republic Airways reports August 2013 traffic

September 9, 2013 · 10 Views

Republic Airways reported preliminary passenger traffic results for August 2013. The Company reported that traffic decreased 4% from August 2012, on a 3% reduction in capacity. Consolidated load factor was 85%, down 1.0 point from August 2012.


Erickson Air-Crane appoints Eric K. Struik as new Chief Financial Officer

September 9, 2013 · 18 Views

Erickson Air-Crane Incorporated announced that Eric K. Struik has agreed to join the Company’s leadership team as its new Chief Financial Officer, effective September 9, 2013. Mr. Struik comes to Erickson with nearly 20 years of experience in finance, management, and executive leadership for global organizations. He most recently served as Vice President of Finance for Remy International, a leading worldwide manufacturer and distributor of power systems for the global light vehicle, commercial vehicle, and rail markets.


Southwest Airlines reports August traffic

September 9, 2013 · 14 Views

Southwest Airlines reported that traffic for the month of August decreased 2.0% compared to August 2012, while capacity increased 1.4% year over year. The August 2013 load factor was 81.3%, compared to 84.2% in August 2012, down 2.9 points.


Bell Helicopter and Lockheed Martin team on V-280 Valor

September 9, 2013 · 16 Views

Bell Helicopter and Lockheed Martin will work as a team on the Bell V-280 Valor, making Lockheed Martin the first of Bell Helicopter’s V-280 program tier one team members. Additional team members will be announced in the coming months. The Bell V-280 Valor was selected by the U.S. Army to enter into negotiations for the Joint Multi-Role (JMR) Technology Demonstrator (TD) program, with contracts expected to be awarded by September 2013. The transformational features of Bell Helicopter’s third generation tiltrotor capitalize on combat-proven technology. The Valor is designed to deliver the best value in procurement, operations and support, and force structure, through increased maintainability, component reliability and systems designed to reduce operational and support costs.


Airbus and China extend cooperation on safety into the future

September 9, 2013 · 6 Views

Airbus and the Chinese Civil Aviation Authority (CAAC) have agreed to continue their cooperation in the field of aviation safety for another five years. The new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by Airbus and CAAC states that both partners will continue to work together on safety challenges, especially those arising from the rapid development of the civil aviation industry in China. The MoU was signed by Eric Chen, Airbus China President and Lü Erxue, Chief Inspector of CAAC. The MoU includes continuing the reinforced maintenance operation support programme, continuing projects in flight operations and aviation safety such as providing flight instructor refresh courses to CAAC and Chinese airlines, deploying Performance Based Navigation (PBN) / Required Navigation Performance (RNP) and other new technologies in China, organizing high level management training courses to senior level civil aviation officials and airline executives and strengthening information exchanges and communication between Airbus, CAAC and Chinese operators.


Qatar Airways’ first A380 takes off for its maiden flight

September 9, 2013 · 1 View

Qatar Airways’ first A380 took off from Toulouse on its maiden flight to Hamburg where the aircraft will be fitted with its cabin before being painted. The Doha based carrier has firm orders for ten A380s and will become the eleventh airline to join the prestigious club of A380 operators when it takes delivery of this aircraft in 2014.


CFM launches new era as first LEAP engine begins ground testing

September 9, 2013 · 7 Views

CFM International has initiated testing of the first full LEAP engine, launching an extensive ground and flight test certification program that will encompass 60 engine builds over the next three years. The program will culminate in engine certification in 2015 and first entry into commercial service on the Airbus A320neo in 2016. The LEAP-1A engine, which is the powerplant for the Airbus A320neo, fired for the first time on September 4th, two days ahead of the schedule. After a series of break-in runs, the engine was operating smoothly and has reached full take-off thrust.


AAR Landing Gear to provide MRO support for E-Jet aircraft

September 9, 2013 · 15 Views

AAR has entered into a general terms agreement with Liebherr-Aerospace to provide landing gear maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services for the Embraer 170/175/190/195 family of aircraft, a deal that provides enhanced capabilities for AAR Landing Gear Services. The agreement with the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) Liebherr-Aerospace, who has developed and integrated the landing gear system installed on the E-Jet 170/175/190/195 series, allows AAR to acquire and maintain updated technical documentation on the aircraft. With that access and the ability to purchase related spare parts for E-Jet E1 series aircraft, AAR’s landing gear facility in Miami will be able to service other operators that fly the aircraft.


Fokker Services signs Manufacturing License Agreement with Triumph Aero structures

September 9, 2013 · 19 Views

Fokker Services and Triumph Aerostructures – Vought Aircraft Division, a subsidiary of Triumph Group, signed a Manufacturing License Agreement for the manufacturing of Fokker type of parts for the thrust reverser. With this Manufacturing License Agreement, Fokker Services is determined to continue guaranteeing future parts availability and a stable supply chain for the operators. At the same time it is a signal that the operators of Fokker 100 and Fokker 70 aircraft can count on an active fleet support from Fokker Services, reinforced by the engineering knowledge of Triumph Aerostructures. Fokker Services and Triumph Aerostructures partnered in a three party agreement together with Gulfstream in 1984 and have been collaborating since, in the continuous improvement of the development and production of the Thrust Reverser for the Fokker 100 and Fokker70 and the Gulfstream-IV.


AMR Corporation reports record August Passenger Unit Revenue

September 10, 2013 · 10 Views

AMR Corporation reported August 2013 consolidated revenue and traffic results for its principal subsidiary, American Airlines and its wholly owned subsidiary, AMR Eagle Holding Corporation. Consolidated capacity and traffic were 4.2% and 3.2% higher year-over-year, respectively, resulting in a consolidated load factor of 85.0%, 0.8 points below the same period last year.


GE signs IHI and Techspace Aero as partners on Passport program

September 10, 2013 · 12 Views

GE Aviation has reached agreement with IHI of Japan and Techspace Aero (Safran) of Belgium to become partners of a joint venture on GE’s new Passport engine for business aviation. IHI and Techspace Aero will be responsible for more than 37% of the Passport engine, which will power the Bombardier Global 7000 and Global 8000 aircraft. Headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, IHI will be responsible for the low-pressure turbine module, aerodrive systems, fan hub frame and aft fan case. Techspace Aero, located in Liège, Belgium, will be responsible for the booster module, lube tank and pump and the heat exchangers. The engine certification program will include eight engines and one core. Flight testing on GE’s flying testbed is scheduled for next year. Engine certification is expected in 2015. GE’s Passport engine will produce 16,500 pounds of thrust and will incorporate advanced technologies and materials to provide: 8% lower specific fuel consumption than engines in its class; margin to CAEP/6 emissions and to Stage 4 noise regulations; and world-class reliability and support.


China Postal EMS fleet growing to 15 PEMCO freighters

September 10, 2013 · 8 Views

PEMCO World Air Services (PEMCO), a leading global MRO and aircraft conversion provider, has announced an additional five-aircraft 737 PTF program with China’s postal service commencing September 2013. This deal follows the recent redelivery of its tenth freighter, an 11-position High Yield 737-400F, for Beijing-based China Postal Airlines (CPA). By this time next year, China Postal’s fleet will include 15 PEMCO-modified 737-300F & 737-400F aircraft, reaffirming their commitment to the highly successful partnership with PEMCO. The first two 737-300 aircraft are scheduled for induction this month, with the remaining three being converted in 2014. The conversions will be performed at STAECO’s Jinan Shandong facility, PEMCO’s partner on over 40 Boeing 737-300 & -400 freighter modification projects.


328 widens offering with engineering training for Dornier 328 operators

September 10, 2013 · 19 Views

328 Support Services GmbH, part of the 328 Group, is expanding its capability at its Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany headquarters with the introduction of third party engineering training for the Dornier 328 turboprop and jet aircraft. Full training in theory and practice for Category B1, B2 and C courses are introduced with immediate effect and will form part of the company’s Customer Support organisation, headed by Bernhard Schuster, Director of Customer Support. This news follows hard on the heels of the company’s EASA Part 147 Training Organisation approval certificate (DE.147.0021) achieved in August 2013 and adds to its growing portfolio of Dornier 328 approvals and capabilities.


Garuda launches flights with Panasonic’s Global Communications Service

September 10, 2013 · 11 Views

Panasonic Avionics Corporation, a leader in state-of-the-art in-flight entertainment and communications (IFEC) systems, reported that Garuda Indonesia has taken delivery of its first two Boeing 777-300ER aircraft fitted with its Global Communications Services. Garuda will be taking a total of 10 777-300ERs fitted with Panasonic’s Global Communication Services. Garuda, in cooperation with PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Telkom), is the first airline in Indonesia to offer the complete range of in-flight communication services including eXConnect, eXPhone, and eXTV. Services are currently being offered on routes from Jakarta/Denpasar to Narita and Jakarta/Denpasar to Jeddah. All of Garuda’s 777-300ERs will be delivered by 2015.


Thales and Inmarsat sign MOA for connectivity

September 10, 2013 · 14 Views

Thales, a leader in In-flight Entertainment and Connectivity (IFEC) and Inmarsat, a global provider of mobile satellite services, have signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) to add Thales as a partner in marketing Inmarsat’s connectivity solutions to the commercial aviation market. Inmarsat Aviation provides the ultimate in connectivity for a consistent global experience for the whole aircraft, from safety communications to high-speed broadband and live TV in the cabin. It’s wholly owned and operated satellite constellations and ground networks are designed and purpose-built for mobile assets, such as aircraft.


United reports August 2013 operational performance

September 10, 2013 · 14 Views

UAL’s August 2013 consolidated traffic decreased 0.5% and consolidated capacity decreased 1.4% versus August 2012. UAL’s August 2013 consolidated load factor increased 0.8 points to 87.4% when compared to August 2012.


​Embraer releases China Executive Aviation Market Outlook 2014-2023

September 10, 2013 · 7 Views

Embraer Executive Jets presented its China Executive Aviation Market Outlook 2014-2023 at the Chinese International Business Aviation Show (CIBAS) 2013, in Beijing, China. The Company forecasts that a total of 805 executive jets will be in demand the Chinese market over the next decade. The large-cabin business jet class is expected to represent 51% of this demand, accounting for 78% of the total value of deliveries. Embraer maintains a favorable forecast for the Chinese executive aviation market potential, based on comprehensive studies of the country’s economic scenario. China’s fleet of executive jets has experienced an average annual expansion of 27%, fueled by a 26% growth of the wealthiest population, from 2008 to 2012, according to the data released by Hurun Report, which is considered to be one of the most influential publications of the luxury genre in the country. In addition, the overall environment calls for the development of executive aviation, in order to meet the demand for direct business and leisure travel, beyond the destination and schedule limitations of the airlines. The Company’s market outlook also highlights infrastructure improvements as catalysts to executive aviation growth in China, with the number of Fixed-Base Operators (FBO) expected to increase to nine, up from the current five. Since 2004, when its first executive jet was delivered to this region, Embraer has booked orders for 38 executive jets in China, including five options. Leveraging its commercial jets service network and facilities, the Company has several Authorized Service Centers for executive jets customers in the Greater China region, offering tailor-made efficient service and support.