Wednesday, December 17, 2014
AviTrader Daily Aviation News Alert
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February 20, 2015 · 542 Views
The bitter dispute between US- and Gulf-based airlines has reached a new level after Emirates flatly rejected an open apology made concerning what was seen as incredibly tactless and insensitive remarks made by Delta’s Chief Executive, Richard Anderson. The unfortunate incident relates back to comments made by a group of American airlines that a number of the larger Gulf carriers had benefited from state subsidies amounting to a figure in excess of US$40bn. As a consequence the American airlines either wanted to renegotiate or scrap the current Open Skies agreement.
Offended by such claims, the Gulf carriers retaliated by questioning whether or not US airlines had received government subsidies totaling US$5bn in the wake of 9/11. Unfortunately Delta’s Anderson, responding to this claim on CNN, said: “It’s a great irony to have the United Arab Emirates from the Arabian Peninsula talk about that, given the fact that our industry was really shocked by the terrorism of 9/11, which came from terrorists from the Arabian Peninsula.” While the UAE and Qatar, two of the States’ allies who have offered either military or logistical support for international operations were particularly upset by these comments, Delta simply made it clear that Anderson had been responding to claims regarding post 9/11 subsidies. “He didn’t mean to suggest the Gulf carriers or their governments are linked to the 9/11 terrorists. We apologize if anyone was offended.”
Unfortunately the largest of the three main Gulf carriers did not see this as acceptable. “We believe that the statements made this week by Mr. Anderson were deliberately crafted and delivered for specific effect,” it confirmed in a statement. However US airlines continue to complain that they have lost significant numbers of bookings since 2008 as a result of Gulf competition and cited documents they indicate demonstrate aid which has allowed their competitors to offer cheap fares. In retaliation, Gulf officials say that most US carriers do not fly the same routes and are losing business only because they offer an inferior service.
This is not a dissimilar situation to the one between Gulf airlines and European carriers, including Lufthansa, and coincidentally has come at the same time as US airlines are trying to have US Exlm Bank closed down. They believe Gulf carriers are benefitting to a greater degree from the export credit agency. The tit-for-tat dialog continues with Western airlines showing concern for the safety of thousands of service industry jobs, a complaint to which Gulf carriers have responded by making it very clear they support at least as many jobs in the aerospace sector with their huge orders for aircraft.
February 20, 2015 · 640 Views
Snecma (Safran), a leading manufacturer of aircraft engines, and Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL), a leading aerospace manufacturer, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on January 28th, 2015 in Bangalore to explore establishing a joint venture in India for the production of aero-engine parts. The proposed joint venture will initially focus on the manufacture of high-tech parts for the Dassault Rafale’s Snecma M88 engine, then subsequently contribute to other major aerospace projects of HAL & Snecma, in India and worldwide. Spanning over 30,000 m², the proposed joint venture’s new plant is expected to benefit from substantial investment by the two partners, providing it with state-of-the-art machinery and equipment. This agreement marks a major step forward in the long-standing collaboration between Snecma and HAL. The proposed joint venture will further broaden the scope of the excellent relations established over the past 60 years between Safran affiliates and the Indian aerospace industry. For example, Snecma manufactures the M53 engines powering the Mirage 2000H “Vajra” fighters operated by the Indian Air Force.
December 2, 2014 · 195 Views
On the 7th January 2013 a fire was reported on board a Boeing 787 Dreamliner while parked at Boston’s airport in the USA. The fire was put down to a problem with one of the plane’s lithium-ion batteries. A week later an All Nippon Airways 787 Dreamliner had to make an emergency landing after smoke was discovered inside the plane which was subsequently traced back to another lithium-ion battery. As a consequence of this incident, all 787 Dreamliners were grounded until April of that year until further acceptable testing and improvements were carried out to the battery system on board the plane. The battery itself was manufactured by GS Yuasa and comprised eight individual cells making up a combined weight of 63lbs.
Nearly two years later and the results of the investigation into the first incident have concluded that the lithium-ion battery installed in the plane should not have received certification by the FAA. The National Transport Safety Board (NTSB) were also critical of Boeing who they believed had erroneously ruled out the chances of thermal runaway in its assessment of the battery’s safety. Boeing’s battery tests to obtain original certification included crushing battery cells, driving nails through them and deliberately introducing short circuits to cause failure. Boeing found “nothing adverse happened” while these tests were carried out, and so deemed the battery’s box and internal protection to be of an acceptable standard. Boeing stated that it had followed the certification process set out by the FAA. It would seem that while the cause of the fire has been clearly identified, responsibility for its occurrence has not been accepted in full by anyone.
November 5, 2014 · 162 Views
Back in February this year, Rolls-Royce, the FTSE-100 engine maker, lost over £3bn of its value after shocking the market with its first profits warning in a decade. To announce a second one this October has created considerable concern and Rolls-Royce has decided that over the next 18 months they need to reduce costs by up to £80m a year by axing 2,600 jobs, the majority of which will be in the aerospace sector in Britain and the United States. The focus is on Rolls-Royce’s key Trent engines as they move from the development to the production phase, which consequently requires fewer engineers.
Back in February John Rishton, Rolls-Royce group’s Chief Executive, had admitted that the future was “bumpier than I had expected”, while blaming the current problems on deteriorating economic conditions and a tit-for-tat trade war between the EU and Russia over the Ukrainian crisis which had affected its nuclear and energy business as well as its power-systems unit. This week Rishton has had to admit that “We are taking determined management action and accelerating our progress on cost. The measures announced today will not be the last; however they will contribute towards Rolls-Royce becoming a stronger and more profitable company.”
Another consequence of the situation is the unexpected departure of Finance Director, Mark Morris, leaving the company after 27 year without any explanation. He will be replaced by David Smith, who is being promoted from Finance Director of the Rolls-Royce Aerospace division. This second profit warning saw share value fall 11% to 832p, wiping a further £2bn off the company’s value. However, news of the redundancies was well received by investors and the share price rallied by 2%, currently standing at 832p. This is clear confirmation of comments made by Espirito Santo’s analyst, Ed Stacey, who indicated that investors would be expecting a clear message from the new Finance Director and tight control on all finances.
March 25, 2014 · 111 Views
Air France-KLM selected the GEnx-1B engine to power its 25 Boeing 787 Dreamliners and 12 leased 787 aircraft. The total engine order is valued at more than $1.7bn. Air France-KLM and GE Aviation have also signed an agreement that will allow Air France-KLM to offer maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services for the GEnx-1B engine. Under this agreement, Air France-KLM will be licensed to perform maintenance and overhaul work on the GEnx-1B engine and GE will provide technical support and assistance on overhaul workscoping and component repair licenses, comprehensive material support and training.
March 7, 2014 · 78 Views
International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) has closed a new senior secured term loan of $1.5 billion. The loan will bear interest at LIBOR plus 275 basis points with a 0.75% LIBOR floor, is priced at 99.5% of par value, and will mature in 2021. The collateral used to support the transaction has an initial weighted average age of 9.1 years. It will be secured primarily by a first priority-perfected lien on the equity of certain of ILFC’s subsidiaries, which directly or indirectly own a pool of aircraft and related leases. ILFC plans to use the proceeds for general corporate purposes, including purchasing aircraft and supporting the company’s liquidity cushion.
February 26, 2014 · 78 Views
In 2013, Airbus achieved a new industry record of 1,619 gross commercial orders (FY 2012: 914 gross orders) with net orders of 1,503 aircraft (FY 2012: 833 net orders), excluding ATR. Gross orders comprised 1,253 A320 Family aircraft, 77 A330s, 239 A350 XWBs and 50 A380s. Fourth-quarter orders included Emirates Airline’s agreement for 50 A380s and Etihad Airways’ order for 50 A350 XWBs, 36 A320neos and one A330-200F. Airbus Military (now part of Airbus Defence and Space) received 17 net orders (FY 2012: 32 net orders). Airbus’ net order intake increased sharply to €202.3bn (FY 2012: €88.9bn). At the end of 2013, Airbus’ consolidated order book was valued at €647.4bn (year-end 2012: €525.5bn). The Airbus Commercial backlog was worth €627.1bn (year-end 2012: €505.3bn), comprising 5,559 Airbus aircraft (year-end 2012: 4,682 units) and representing over eight years of production. Airbus Military’s order book was worth €20.8bn (year-end 2012: €21.1bn). Airbus series aircraft deliveries increased to 626 aircraft (FY 2012: 588 aircraft, including three A330s without revenue recognition). Airbus Military delivered 31 aircraft (FY 2012: 29 aircraft). Airbus’ consolidated revenues increased seven percent to €42,012m (FY 2012: €39,273m), reflecting higher commercial and military aircraft deliveries. The Division’s consolidated EBIT rose to €1,710m (FY 2012: €1,252m). Airbus Commercial’s revenues rose to €39,889m (FY 2012: €37,624m). The Airbus Commercial reported EBIT was €1,595m (FY 2012: €1,147m) with the EBIT before one-off at €2,216m (FY 2012: €1,669m). Airbus Commercial’s EBIT before one-off benefitted from the improved operational performance, including favourable volume, some better pricing and an improvement in A380 losses. It also included higher A350 XWB programme support costs. Revenues at Airbus Military rose to €2,893m (FY 2012: €2,131m), driven by the A400M ramp-up and higher volumes from both light and medium transport planes and tankers. The EBIT at Airbus Military was €166m (FY 2012: €93m).
January 29, 2014 · 74 Views
Boeing Commercial Airplanes fourth-quarter revenue increased to $14.7bn and full-year revenue increased to a record $53bn on higher delivery volume. Fourth-quarter operating margin improved to 10.3% and full-year operating margin grew to 10.9% on the higher volume, favorable delivery mix and continued strong operating performance. During the quarter, the company launched the 777X with 259 orders and commitments. During the year, the 787 program completed first flight of the 787-9, successfully launched the 787-10 and began operating at a 10 per month production rate in final assembly. The 737 program delivered at a record production rate of 38 per month and has won nearly 1,800 firm orders for the 737 MAX since launch. In 2013, a record 648 commercial aircraft were delivered. In January 2014, the company reached an eight-year contract extension through 2024 with the International Association of Machinists & Aerospace Workers District 751 (IAM). Commercial Airplanes booked 465 net orders during the quarter and 1,355 during the year. Backlog remains strong with 5,080 airplanes valued at a record $374 billion.
January 9, 2014 · 65 Views
The A350 XWB development aircraft, MSN3, is in Bolivia where it will perform a series of tests at the high altitude airfields of Cochabamba and La Paz. Cochabamba is around 8,300 feet above sea level, and La Paz is one of the world’s highest airports at 13,300 feet. Operations at such high altitude airfields are particularly demanding on aircraft engines, Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) and systems. The aim of these trials is to demonstrate and validate the full functionality of engines, systems, materials as well as to assess the overall aircraft behaviour under these extreme conditions. A number of take-offs with all engines operating and with simulated engine failures are being performed at each of the airfields to collect data on engine operating characteristics and validate the aircraft take-off performance. The autopilot behaviour will also be evaluated during automatic landings and go-arounds. Since the A350 XWB’s first flight with MSN1 on June 14th 2013, over 800 flight test hours have been performed in close to 200 test flights by both MSN1 and MSN3. In total the A350 XWB flight test campaign will accumulate around 2,500 flight hours with the fleet of five aircraft. The rigorous flight testing will lead to the certification of the A350-900 by the European EASA and US FAA airworthiness authorities, prior to entry into service in Q4 2014.
July 5, 2013 · 64 Views
Firefly, Malaysia Airlines’ subsidiary carrier has taken ownership of its first brand-new ATR 72-600. The aircraft is the first of 20 latest generation firm ATRs, plus 16 options, ordered by Malaysia Airlines in December 2012. Firefly currently operates 12 ATR 72-500s, and with the arrival of the new ATR 72-600s will almost triple its exclusively ATR 72 aircraft fleet, taking the total to over 30 aircraft.
June 26, 2013 · 40 Views
Certification testing is underway on the first Passport development engine at GE Aviation’s Peebles Testing Operation in Ohio. The engine began ground testing on June 24th and ran for more than three hours, reaching more than 18,000 lbs. of standard day sea-level takeoff thrust. Eight Passport engines and one core will be involved in the engine certification program. Flight testing on GE’s flying testbed is scheduled for 2014. Engine certification is expected in 2015. The Passport engine certification program follows three years of validation testing. GE Aviation has conducted validation tests on the fan blisk design, including two fan blade-out rig tests, ingestion tests and a fan aero rig test to demonstrate fan efficiency. Testing is complete on the third eCore demonstrator, and GE has accumulated more than 300 hours of testing on eCore demonstrators to date.
May 22, 2013 · 53 Views
Rolls-Royce has won an order from US leasing company CIT Aerospace for Trent XWB engines, to power ten Airbus A350 XWB aircraft and Trent 700 engines to power 13 Airbus A330 aircraft. The Trent XWB engines will power ten CIT A350 aircraft that were announced in January 2013 which were in addition to five A350 XWB aircraft already on order. The Trent XWB, specifically designed for the Airbus A350, is the fastest selling Trent engine ever, with more than 1,200 already sold. The engine variant that will power the A350-800 and -900 was awarded European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) type certification in February. The engine will power the first flight of the Airbus A350 XWB this year and the aircraft’s first in-service flight in 2014.
December 16, 2014 · 509 Views
The Boeing board of directors increased the company’s authorization for its share repurchase plan to US$12bn and declared that the company’s regular quarterly dividend will increase by 25% to 91 cents per share. “Strong operating performance across our business continues to generate significant cash flow and financial strength for Boeing,” said Jim McNerney, Boeing Chairman and Chief Executive. “That strength, coupled with the solid growth outlook for commercial aviation and Boeing’s unmatched product and services portfolio, provides us with the foundation to continue our balanced cash deployment strategy, investing in our core programs while increasing shareholder value.” The US$12bn repurchase authorization approved today replaces the authorization approved in 2013 of which approximately $4.8B was remaining. Repurchase activity for 2014 is now complete at $6B and is expected to resume in January 2015. The timing and volume of repurchases are at the discretion of Boeing management, however it is currently expected that the share repurchases will be made over the next two to three years. Repurchases may be made on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. Boeing’s new dividend represents an 88 percent increase over the past two years.
Rockwell Collins’ to provide flight displays, integrated surveillance and select flight control systems for 777X
December 16, 2014 · 463 Views
Rockwell Collins has been awarded a contract by Boeing to provide its next-generation, large-format flight displays, integrated surveillance system and select flight control systems as standard equipment on the Boeing 777X. This contract is in addition to Rockwell Collins’ previously announced award to provide the Flight Control Module for the 777X Integrated Flight Control Electronics fly-by-wire system. Together, these awards rival the content that Rockwell Collins provides Boeing for the 787 Dreamliner and triples the amount of supplier-furnished equipment that it has on the 777X when compared to previous generations of the airplane. In addition, Rockwell Collins’ Head-up Guidance System (HGS) will be available for the first time on a 777 airplane. The HGS, which is standard on the Boeing 787 Dreamliner and an airline-selectable system on the 737 MAX, projects an image onto a glass combiner mounted in front of pilots’ eyes that displays essential flight information while they simultaneously look outside the flight deck, scanning for traffic or flying an approach.
December 16, 2014 · 93 Views
Growing its fleet to 127 aircraft, FLY Leasing, a global lessor of modern commercial jet aircraft, announced it has delivered the last of three Boeing 737-800 aircraft to a leading Asian airline. The three new aircraft are on 10-year leases. “FLY has acquired 22 newer aircraft this year, while divesting of older models, which is transforming our fleet and driving strong growth in our lease revenues,” said Colm Barrington, CEO of FLY. “For two consecutive years, FLY has grown its fleet by 15% or more, while at the same time returning capital to shareholders with its attractive quarterly dividend. With a strong balance sheet and a nimble strategy that allows us to act quickly to take advantage of opportunities in the market, FLY is in an excellent position to continue delivering both strong growth and income to its shareholders.”
December 16, 2014 · 91 Views
GE Aviation shipped its 2000th GE90 engine to Boeing for the 777 aircraft, a significant milestone in this influential engine program. “The GE90 engine along with the Boeing 777 aircraft helped revolutionize the twin-engine aircraft concept in commercial aviation,” said Bill Millhaem, general manager of the GE90/GE9X Program at GE Aviation. “Prior to its introduction, twin-engine aircraft were not viewed as a viable option for long-haul travel. Yet the proven performance and reliability of the GE90-powered Boeing 777 aircraft altered this mindset and made the engine-aircraft combination among the most successful long-range, wide body offering in service today.” Close to 70 operators utilize GE90-powered Boeing 777 aircraft, with the 2000th engine powering a Boeing 777-300ER aircraft. More than 500 GE90 engines are on the order book, which continues to increase. The GE90 engine family powers the Boeing all 777 models and is the exclusive powerplant on the 777-300ER, -200LR, and Freighter aircraft. Of the 2000 GE90 engine delivered to date, more than 400 were the earlier GE90-94B model and almost 1600 were the GE90-115B engine, which is the world’s most powerful jet engine. The family has accumulated more than 45 million flight hours and 7 million cycles since entering service in 1995.
December 16, 2014 · 98 Views
Air India’s fully-owned regional Subsidiary Airline Allied Services Limited under Brand Name “Alliance Air” today introduced its first newest ATR 72-600 aircraft into its fleet. The aircraft, leased from Singapore-based leasing firm Avation, is the first out of five that the airline will receive until July next year. This brand new ATR 76-600 is configured with 70-seats, and will bring additional capacity to passengers flying on the regional network of the airline across the country. Thanks to their new “Armonia cabin”, the ATR 72-600s will also propose to passengers the highest and most modern standards of comfort. Alliance Air currently has 4 ATR 42-320s among its fleet of regional aircraft. The outstanding performance of the ATR 72-600s make it the only 70-seat aircraft able to operate at each airport currently served by the airline. It also offers the lowest fuel-burn and seat mile cost on its segment. The aircraft is fitted with Pratt & Whitney 127M engines, and features a full-glass cockpit with the most modern navigation aid tools.
December 16, 2014 · 460 Views
GE Aviation has been selected by Boeing to provide the Common Core System (CCS) and the Enhanced Airborne Flight Recorder (EAFR) for the Boeing 777X aircraft, as well as the Electrical Load Management System (ELMS), the Backup Generator and the Backup Converter. Selecting the GE common core system and enhanced airborne flight recorder enables Boeing to bring the latest generation of proven capabilities from the 787 to the 777X. The 777X has 300 orders and commitments from customers Lufthansa, Etihad, Qatar, Emirates, ANA and Cathay Pacific. The latest systems technology for the 777X will touch two major GE Aviation facilities including the common core system and the enhanced airborne flight recorder from Grand Rapids, Michigan and the remote data concentrators from Cheltenham, United Kingdom.
The advanced ELMS for the Boeing 777X will utilize the Boeing 777 ELMS design elements, to reduce aircraft maintenance time and cost, improving reliability and availability of aircraft power. With the ELMS, backup generator and backup converter for the 777X, GE will utilize their Electric Power Integration Center in Cheltenham, UK and their Electrical Power Integrated Systems Center in Dayton, Ohio where they will employ state of the art dynamic software modeling, simulation and analysis to predict how the system and its individual components will perform, including full system testing within a copper-bird environment.
December 16, 2014 · 493 Views
MTU Maintenance, one of the leading engine maintenance providers worldwide, has added another airline to its continuously growing customer list: Air Costa, India’s newest airline has chosen MTU for the exclusive maintenance of its CF34-8/-10 engines operating its Embraer E170 and E190 fleet. Apart from engine maintenance, MTU will support Air Costa with LRU management and spare engines; Air Costa is thereby benefitting from the company’s Total Engine Care program (TEC). The contract will run for 10 years and has a value of €25m. Air Costa is MTU’s first customer from India and the first Indian E-Jet operator. Air Costa’s engines will be overhauled at MTU Maintenance Berlin Brandenburg, an Authorized CF34 Service Provider and MTU’s center of excellence for industrial gas turbines. Since 2002, the company has maintained over 1,000 CF34 engines, both on- and off-wing, for over 100 customers worldwide. The shop currently has the capacity for over 200 shop visits per year.
December 16, 2014 · 519 Views
British Airways has become the first airline to be given approval to overhaul its own A380 evacuation slides. British Airways Interiors Engineering in Blackwood, South Wales will now overhaul slides for the airline’s eight A380s. Overhaul services will include inflation systems checks, component repairs and replacements, as well as slide testing and repacking. The British Airways Interiors team of technicians will also certify the slides for up to three years. To achieve this new qualification British Airways’ technicians underwent a thorough training programme at the slide maintenance manufacturer, UTC Aerospace Systems’ training and maintenance facility in Phoenix, Arizona. A team of 10 British Airways technicians are already trained, with plans for more to follow.
December 16, 2014 · 121 Views
The first A350-900 for Finnair is taking shape in the Roger Béteille Final Assembly Line (FAL) in Toulouse, France. Finnair will be the first European airline to fly the A350 XWB and the third operator in the world. Scheduled for delivery in autumn 2015 the aircraft is now in the fuselage section joining phase. Following this, the aircraft will move to wing junction, cabin installation and first power-on, all achieved in one single station. Once these phases are completed, the aircraft will undergo system tests, cabin completion, painting and engine installation before starting the delivery process, including flight testing. Finnair has a total of 19 A350 XWB on order. The aircraft will be deployed on Finnair’s long-haul routes to Asia and America.
December 16, 2014 · 671 Views
Tom Williams, presently Executive Vice President Programmes at Airbus, will succeed Günter Butschek as Airbus Chief Operating Officer (COO) and will become a member of the Group Executive Committee of Airbus Group. Butschek has decided to leave the Group at the end of 2014 in order to pursue other career opportunities. Didier Evrard, currently Head of the A350 XWB programme, will succeed Williams and in this new function will become a member of the Executive Committee of Airbus. He remains A350 XWB programme director until his successor is appointed. Klaus Richter, Chief Procurement Officer of Airbus and Airbus Group, has been promoted to become a member of the Group Executive Committee of Airbus Group. In addition, he will become the national representative for Airbus in Germany.
December 16, 2014 · 504 Views
Boeing began construction of a new 367,000-ft² facility in which it will build parts for the newest member of its 777 commercial airplanes family, the 777X. About 700 new jobs will be created for the 777X work. Construction should be complete in 2016, with work on 777X wing and empennage parts starting in 2017. The facility is an expansion of Boeing’s current tooling center at the site and will contain six autoclaves. As we move forward with construction of our new center, we will significantly enhance our aerospace composite capability in St. Louis, positioning us for today’s opportunities, and tomorrow’s,” said Bob Ciesla, vice president, Boeing Military Aircraft Cross-Enterprise Design/Build. “This is a tremendous opportunity for Boeing St. Louis and the entire region, which enables us to bridge to the future as a site with both commercial and defense capabilities.” Boeing’s St. Louis site, which marked its 75th anniversary this year, is renowned for military aircraft production. More than 12,000 fighter jets have been built there and the site is headquarters for the Boeing Defense, Space & Security business unit. As of Dec.1, the company had about 15,000 employees in Missouri. Earlier this year, Boeing selected its Everett, Wash. site as the location for a new composite wing center for the 777X program. In this wing center, Boeing will perform fabrication and assembly of the 777X’s composite wing. Additionally, Boeing will perform final assembly of the 777X in Everett.
December 16, 2014 · 165 Views
If you did not know any of the history behind this story you would be forgiven for assuming the nut policy related to quality of materials used in the construction and maintenance of planes used by Korean Air. However the nut policy in question has no connection with their planes’ construction, and instead relates to Korean Airlines’ policy on serving edible nuts to passengers.
The story began back on the 5th of the month when the daughter of Korean Air’s Chairman, Cho Hyun-ah, herself a Vice-President of the airline, forced the plane she was on and which was preparing for take-off, to return to the terminal and allow the purser to leave the flight on the request of Cho Hyun-ah. Reports as to the actual incident are conflicting, even if the consequence wasn’t. Either the Vice Chairman of the airline noticed a steward wrongly serving nuts to a passenger, or she herself was served nuts in an incorrect manner by having them presented to her in a packet as opposed to on plate. It would seem the airline has a strict policy in place that passengers must be asked in advance of being served nuts.
So angered by such an event, Cho Hyun-ah summoned the head of the service crew and asked them to clarify what the company’s policy on the serving of nuts was. As they were unclear, she demanded the flight return to the terminal and the member of the crew leave the plane. As a consequence of her actions, Korean Air now face the prospect of up to 21 days of flight suspensions or a US$1.3m fine for violating aviation law, based on sanctions the Department of Transport intend to impose. The laws which were broken and for which part of the sanctions apply are that Cho Hyun-ah is deemed to have lied when questioned over the incident and in addition she only had the same rights as any other passenger on the plane and had therefore greatly overstepped the mark. The captain was sanctioned for being negligent in his duties as only the captain has the power to remove a member of the crew from the plane. Though the plane had not moved far from the terminal, it was not seen as acceptable for it to return, thus causing delays, based on the incident itself. A final part of the sanction was based on the fact members of the crew were forced to lie in the enquiry too.